Tuesday, May 23, 2017
   
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Asthma & Diabetes

Asthma

Asthma is a condition in which the muscles of the air passages go into spasm, making breathing difficult and resulting in a wheeze. Attacks may be triggered off by an allergy to dust, pollen, many other common substances, by over exercise or by nervous tension. Regular asthma sufferers usually carry their own medication in case of attack.

Treatment

  1. Reassure and calm the casualty.
  2. Advise the casualty to sit down, lean slightly forward, resting on elbows on a support such as a table.
  3. Ensure a good supply of fresh air.
  4. Allow the casualty to take their own medication as prescribed by a doctor.
  5. If the symptoms persist, seek medical aid, i.e.. Call an Ambulance.

Diabetes

People suffering from diabetes need to control their blood sugar levels by balancing the amount of sugar in their diet with insulin injections. As a result, many carry hypodermic needles, insulin bottles, medication, card or identity bracelet with them, indicating that they have diabetes. If a person with diabetes on treatment has missed a meal or taken too much exercise, the concentration of sugar in the blood falls, and unconsciousness can follow. The aim of first aid in this situation is to restore the sugar/insulin balance as soon as possible.

Treatment

  1. If the casualty is conscious and capable of swallowing, immediately give sugar lumps, a sugary drink, chocolate or other sweet food in order to raise the level of sugar in the blood.
  2. If the casualty is unconscious but breathing normally, place in the recovery position, and carry out general treatment for unconsciousness.
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